Indigenous Black and Mi’kmaq Initiative

African Nova Scotian Affairs (ANSA) will be sharing short narratives over the next four weeks about various people, history and symbolism of African Heritage.

Week one: What you give you get, ten times over

IB&M Class of 2018. Standing (from left): Brittni Deveau, Payton Tench, Keisha Wright, Chantelle Flowers, Nico Jones. Sitting: Amy Prosper. Missing: Tanisha Blackmore, Malian Levi. (Nick Pearce photo)

Launched in 1989 at the Dalhousie University Schulich School of Law, the Indigenous Black and Mi’kmaq Initiative (IB&M) program aimed to increase the pool of attorneys from African Nova Scotian and Mi’kmaq groups in Canada.

The program takes its name from the infamous 1971 case of Donald M. Marshall Jr., a Mi’kmaq resident from Sydney, who at the age of 17 was wrongfully convicted of murder.  By the time Marshall was acquitted, he served 11 years behind bars.

Today, the IB&M Initiative still exists and has since graduated more than 200 students.  A diverse range of private law firms, government agencies and civic groups now count IB&M graduates among their dedicated staff.


Lancé en 1989 à la Schulich School of Law de l’Université Dalhousie, le programme Indigenous Blacks and Mi’kmaq (IB&M) Initiative visait à augmenter le nombre d’avocats issus des groupes afro-néo-écossais et mi’kmaw au Canada.

Le programme est lié aux suites de l’affaire tristement célèbre de Donald M. Marshall Jr., un résident mi’kmaw de Sydney condamné à tort pour meurtre à l’âge de 17 ans. Au moment de son acquittement, il avait passé 11 ans derrière les barreaux.

L’IB&M Initiative existe toujours et, depuis, elle a délivré un diplôme à plus de 200 étudiants. Un large éventail de cabinets d’avocats privés, d’organismes gouvernementaux et de groupes de citoyens comptent désormais parmi leurs effectifs des diplômés de l’IB&M Initiative.


History / Archives Features Alumni

Additonal Toursim Resources
African Nova Scotian Directory - Google Local Guide
African Nova Scotian Tourism Guide
Africville Story Map
Destination Liberty: Your guide to Black Historic Travel Destinations in Nova Scotia
Historical Black Settlements in Nova Scotia (Google Map)
Jamaican Maroons in Halifax: A Black Canadian History Guide
Nova Scotia Toursim: Discover African Nova Scotia

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